What is a Rotary Concentrator?
A VOC Rotary Concentrator is an air pollution control technology used in applications with a combination of high volume of air with low concentration of solvents or VOCs (Volatile Organic Compound). Practically speaking, it is a front-end, pre-conditioning unit placed upstream of a thermal oxidizer or regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO). By concentrating the VOCs from a large airstream into a small airstream, it allows the use of a smaller thermal oxidizer (or RTO).
The VOC destruction/ removal efficiency (DRE) of a Rotary VOC Concentrator is from 90-97% and is dependent on several factors:
- Type and concentration of VOC
- Process exhaust temperature
The main benefit of using rotary VOC concentrators is reduced fuel and electric consumption compared to an oxidizer only. Processes with a large airflow, light VOC concentrations (<500 ppmv), and temperatures below 100F are ideal applications for a VOC concentrator.
Still unsure which technology is best for your application? Call us or request a quote. We will provide a cost-benefit analysis for your specific project, comparing multiple technology options. We’ll recommend the most cost effective option and clearly explain the trade-offs of each option.
Processes that are well suited for VOC Rotary Concentrators Include:
- Fiberglass gel coating
- Automotive paint processes
- Beer / beverage can production
- Composite fabrication
- LCD panel production
- Semiconductor Fabrication
- Steel furniture paint booths
- Wood furniture surface finishing
How does a VOC Rotary Concentrator Work?
VOC Rotary Concentrators absorb VOCs from a high volume airstream, and release the VOCs to a low volume airstream, that then gets treated in a thermal oxidizer. VOC Rotary Concentrators utilize a honeycomb wheel coated with adsorbent material (typically zeolite) to capture VOCs. This wheel is divided into three sectors: adsorption, desorption and cooling.
The Adsorption / Process Zone Section The process air (1) is split with 90-93% of is passed through the rotor’s process zone (absorption section) (2) where VOCs are absorbed onto the rotor. The air exiting this section is clean and passes to atmosphere. The adsorption section is approximately 80% of the rotor’s face area.
The Desorption Section is where the concentrated VOCs are driven off of the rotor. Here a smaller airstream (3) is heated in the burner box (or a heat exchanger) and this hot air (4) is then passed through the rotor to drive off (desorb) the VOCs from the rotor. This air flow now carries the VOCs that were driven off of the rotor surface (5). This small airflow is sent to a thermal, catalytic or regenerative thermal oxidizer for VOC destruction. This small airstream is 7-10% of original process airflow, and is concentrated 10X-15X higher than the original process VOC concentration. The desorption section makes up about 8% of the rotor’s face area.
Common Process Example
Incoming airstream: 50,000 scfm of spray booth emissions; 300 ppmv MEK & MIBK
Desorption airstream: 5,000 scfm of air with 2910-3000 ppmv MEK & MIBK
A VOC Concentrator coupled with a 5,000 scfm RTO, can be utilized rather than a 50,000 scfm RTO
In the Cooling Section, a slip stream of process air (3) is passed through the rotor. The slip stream is about 7-10% of the total process airflow (1). This air cools the rotor in this section, preparing it to re-enter the process zone. The air passing through the rotor picks up heat as it passes through the hot rotor (previously heated in desorption section). The cooling sector makes up about 8% of the rotor’s face area.
Benefits of an Integrated VOC Rotary Concentrator/RTO:
- VOC destruction of 90%-98% overall when paired with an RTO
- Similar capital cost to a stand-alone RTO
- 66% Fuel savings vs. stand-alone RTO
- 45% Electric Savings vs. stand-alone RTO
- Similar footprint to stand-alone RTO
Kono Kogs is the world’s leading supplier of used VOC concentrators, sold as-is or fully refurbished.
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